Policymaking in the EU under crisis conditions : Covid and refugee crises compared
Comparative European politics, 2023, OnlineFirst
BOJAR, Abel, KRIESI, Hanspeter, Policymaking in the EU under crisis conditions : Covid and refugee crises compared, Comparative European politics, 2023, OnlineFirst - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/75709
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
We study how crises situations shape the political decision-making structure of the EU and the responses adopted by European policy makers by comparing EU decision-making in the first wave of the COVID-19 crisis (March 2020-July 2020) and in the refugee crisis (2015 to 2019), based on a new data-set on policymaking. Similarities between the two crises include: comparable polarization and conflict intensity, executive dominance, a greater role of EU institutions in policy domains where the EU has higher competence, more conflict and greater resistance by coalitions of member states in domains where it has lower competence, and minority coalitions of critical member states have been crucial for possible solutions in both crises. The key difference between the two crises lies in the fact that, in the refugee crisis, the opposing coalition was able to prevent any kind of reform, while in the first wave of the Covid crisis, the opposition was more amenable to a joint solution in the crucial fiscal policy domain, where the conflict became most intense. We suggest that this key difference is ultimately rooted in the character of the original problem pressure and the different distribution of spatial incidence in the two crises.
Published online: 20 June 2023
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/75709
Full-text via DOI: 10.1057/s41295-023-00349-1
ISSN: 1472-4790; 1740-388X
Grant number: H2020/810356/EU
Sponsorship and Funder information:This article was published Open Access with the support from the EUI Library through the CRUI - Springer Transformative Agreement (2020-2024).The research on which the paper is based has been funded by the SOLID-project, ERC SYG_2018 Grant n. 810356. H2020 European Research Council.
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